IEE (Initial Environmental Examination)
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) is required by DoE for Environmental Clearance and other issue, H & M buyer for higg index, BSCI, LEED, BPEI, Sedex, WRAP, ICS, Wal-Mart, Buyers’ Audits, International Certification body, GSCP, IFC/World Bank, Bangladesh Bank, Govt. Officers & Various types of Buyer Code of Conduct Audits etc.
Proper location, its process and waste abatement and control are very important for development activities and environment. To ensure this, an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) is a very effective tool, which delineates what needs to be done to make a development activity suitably located and operated in an environment friendly way.
The study has been based on the environmental and socio-economic perspectives of the project site and that of the surrounding area to the possible extent and the significant impacts of the proposed Industrial Park project anticipated upon the existing environmental and socio-economic system pertaining to the project command area. Broad objective of this study has been to provide a basis for detailed assessment of the identified environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the proposed Industrial Park project and, thereafter, to undertake mitigation measures toward minimizing adverse impacts and measures to enhance beneficial impacts, formulate environmental management and monitoring plans and plans for addressing health and safety issues. The specific objectives of this IEE are to:
- Present a general description of the project and the process;
- Present a description of the pre-project environment;
- Delineate the anticipated significant environmental issues found and believed to be involved;
- Identify the environmental impacts of the project and quantify them to the extent possible;
- Suggest the Terms of Reference for detailed Environmental Impact Assessment in the project area with Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan.
Environment Conservation Act, 1995 (ECA’95) is currently one of the main legislative document relating to environmental protection in Bangladesh. Under this act, ‘No industrial unit or project shall be established or adopted without obtaining environmental clearance, in the manner prescribed by the rules, from Director General’. Compliance with the provision of this Act is the responsibility of Department of Environment (DoE). A set of the relevant rules to implement the ECA’ 95 had been promulgated in August 1997. The rules mainly consist of:
- Categorized list (green, orange and red) of the projects.
- Application format to take environmental clearance.
- Ambient standards in relation to water pollution, air pollution and noise, as well as permitted discharge/emission levels of water and air pollutants and noise by industries.
Based on the above Scope of Work, the following steps were followed during the IEE process:
- Undertaking a rapid field survey toward collection of primary Baseline Social and Environmental information and data pertaining to the project area.
- Collection of Secondary data;
- Understanding the technical aspects of the proposed power plants;
- Undertaking identification of potential environmental impacts (along with residual impacts and cumulative impacts, if any) and evaluation of socio-economic consequences of such impacts.
Identification of impacts was done using Checklists method. All the relevant social and environmental risks and potential impacts have been taken due care of as part of the assessment in compliance of the Performance Standards set by the International Finance Corporation and also that of the Safeguard Standard of the Asian Development Bank besides following the guidelines set forth by DOE.
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) which include mainly Project Background, Objectives of IEE Study, Relevant National Policies and Legislation, Environmental Clearance Procedure in Bangladesh, Description of the Project, Project Flow Chart, Raw Materials, Baseline Existing Environment, Study Area, Physical Condition, Hydrology, Water Quality, Air Quality, Identification of Potential Significant, Impacts, Evaluation of Potential Impacts &Mitigation Measures, Adverse Impacts and Mitigation, Impact at Pre –Construction Phase, Impact During Construction Phase, Impact during Operation Stage, Anticipated positive impacts of the proposed Project, Environmental Management Plan Outline, Emergency Response and Disaster Management Plan, Disaster Management Plan, Site Alternatives, Conclusion And Recommendation.
So, Air emission inventory is a essential term today for industries.
“We all wish to see you growing up your business by doing no harm to our beautiful homeland.”